Monarch butterfly on Asters

Native shrubs and wildflowers attract pollinators!

Native Shrubs & Wildflowers

Native Shrubs

White Flowering Dogwood - Cornus florida, commonly known as flowering dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that typically grows 15-30’ tall with a low-branching, broadly-pyramidal but somewhat flat-topped habit. Bright red fruits are bitter and inedible to humans but are loved by birds. Fruits mature in late summer to early fall and may persist until late in the year.

Elderberry - Native to eastern North America, American elder (Sambucus canadensis) is a deciduous, somewhat sprawling, suckering shrub that typically grows to 5-12’ tall. Edible fruits are attractive to wildlife.

American Cranberry - Viburnum trilobum, is a deciduous shrub with a dense, rounded, spreading habit that typically grows to 8-12’ tall. It features lacecap white flowers in spring in flat-topped 3” wide cymes of tiny fertile florets surrounded by larger sterile florets, drooping clusters of cranberry-like red berries (drupes) in fall and three lobed, maple-like, dark green leaves. Showy edible fruit.

Juneberry - Amelanchierlamarckii Attractive understory tree for lawns, shrub borders, woodland margins or native plant areas. Shrub forms can be grown as tall informal hedges or screens. Edible fruit, good plant for bird gardens (birds love the berries).

Black chokeberry - Aronia melanocarpa, commonly called black chokeberry, is an open, upright, spreading, somewhat rounded but leggy, suckering, deciduous shrub that typically grows 3-6’ tall. The common name of chokeberry is in reference to the tart and bitter taste of the fruits which are technically edible but so astringent as to cause choking in most of those who try. Fruits are sometimes used to make tasty jams and jellies and are attractive to birds. Very suitable for wet areas.

Native Wildflowers

Black-eyed Susan - Rudbeckia hirta Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Best bloom occurs in full sun, although plants will tolerate some light shade. Plants prefer consistent moisture throughout the growing season. Established plants have some tolerance for drought. Attractive to butterflies and pollinators.

Foam Flower -Tiarella cordifolia clump-forming perennial which spreads rapidly by runners (stolons) to form dense, 1-2' wide clumps of foliage. Semi-glossy, heart-shaped, 3-5 lobed leaves (4" across) rise directly from the stolons. Tiny, white flowers with very long stamens (foamy texture of stamens results in the common name) appear in airy racemes in spring for about 6 weeks on numerous, erect, wiry, mostly leafless flower stems which rise well above the foliage clump. Attractive to pollinators.

Wild Geranium - Geranium maculatum This wild geranium is a clump-forming, woodland perennial which typically occurs in woods, thickets and shaded roadside areas. Forms a mound of foliage that grows to 24" tall and 18" wide. Features 1 1/4" diameter, pink to lilac, saucer-shaped, upward facing, 5-petaled flowers in spring for a period of 6-7 weeks. Attractive to butterflies.

Cardinal Flower - Lobelia cardinalis Provides late summer bloom to the perennial border, wild garden, native plant garden or woodland garden. Excellent for butterfly or bird (hummingbird) gardens.

Oxeye Daisy - Leucanthemum vulgare common white daisy. 

Contact

Courtney Churchill
Master Gardener Coordinator/ Agriculture Program Assistant
cmc534@cornell.edu
845-340-3990 ext. 335

Last updated April 20, 2022